Potted Landscape Garden

Potted landscape dates from the pot culture of Tang dynasty people, artificial-nature sceneries are arranged in pot for display and play. Potted landscape is always the plaything favored by men of literature and writing, these branches, leaves and roots full of vicissitudes tell the weather-beaten hard course for thousands of years, and the winding branches and cracked barks muffle the changes of things and vicissitudes of life. There are total more than 200 potted landscapes in the Potted Landscape Garden of Jingsiyuan Garden, including: pinus parviflora ‘aurea, elm, hackberry, Gougunao tea, needle cypress, solanaceae, camellia, honeysuckle, azalea and the like. The flower street paving in the Potted Landscape Garden is very distinctive, there are the patterns of “Pingshengsanji” (promotion for three levels) and “Eight Immortals’ Treasures”. The “Pingshengsanji”-three halberds are inserted into a flower vase (“halberd” refers to a kind of weapon), and in ancient times, it symbolizes the successful official career for three-level promotion. The “Eight Immortals’ Treasures”, you can see things but not people in this pattern, and it refers to the treasures used by the eight immortals in ancient myth: namely, the gourd of Tieguai Li, sword of Lv Dongbin, fan of Han Zhongli, percussion instrument of Chang Kuolao, flute of Han Xiangzi, Yin-Yang board of Cao Guo Jiu, flower basket of Lan Caihe and the lotus flower of He Xiangu. These treasures are auspicious articles, some of them overawe ghosts to save our living beings, or some contact gods to achieve the effect of bring the dying back to life. The more interesting is that the cobble in the Potted Landscape Garden is divided into three levels (primary, middle and top level), you can wander about unhurriedly on it to enjoy the effect of keeping fit and restoring consciousness. And also, there is the pattern of auspicious “five blessings and longevity”: the Chinese character of “longevity” is embraced by five black bats, namely, the Traditional Five Bat Patterns and Longevous Pattern, “five bats” symbolize health, longevity, safeness, happiness and morality in ancient China.